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News

Vintage 2014 by Armand Rousseau -We are looking at a good vintage!

 

Autumn and winter were humid and very mild which allowed the Spring growth to start very early in the vines. The first signs of the vines coming to life are at the beginning of March with the buds starting to develop before the 15th.  At this stage 2014 is one of the earliest years along with 2011 and 2012. Despite the dry weather since early March, from mid April the bud development is very active.

In May the effects of the dry conditions start to make themselves felt in certain parcels of vines with the vegetation getting blocked. However with the rise in temperatures from the end of May to early June the vines find their rhythm and the flowering starts. Before the end of June the flowering is finished in the Côte de Nuits. The weather is wonderful and everything one could hope for, this accelerates the development of the grapes and the bunches are formed. August is wet and grey and the grapes finally turn colour towards the last ten days. Early September sees a return of the anticyclone and the weather is favourable for the grapes to have a good maturation period.

 

The harvest at the Domaine starts on the 12th September in perfect weather conditions and all the picking is done in 8 days. The temperatures hover around 27 degrees and everyone is still in shorts ! Extra vigilance and care is taken when picking and selecting the grapes so as not to allow any ‘acidic rot’ into the cellar.And now the process of producing this precious nectar, the 2014 vintage, starts.

 

 

 

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History

The Domaine was started at the beginning of the 20th century by Armand Rousseau who, at the age of 18, inherited several plots of vineyards in Gevrey Chambertin. He came from a family of small landowners, composed mainly of vine growers, coopers and local wine merchants.

Armand's marriage in 1909 provided him with additional vineyards, as well as the current Domaine premises, situated near the 13th Century church, the oldest part of the village and which includes a house, storage space, the cellars and the winery, Armand Rousseau first sells his wines in bulk to local wholesalers.

Then very rapidly, he buys new vineyards such as CHARMES CHAMBERTIN in 1919, CLOS DE LA ROCHE and CHAMBERTIN in 1920 and 1921 and he decides to bottle himself his most prestigious wines and sell them directly to customers, particularly to restaurants and connoisseurs, wisely advised by Raymond Baudoin, a great friend of his and the founder of the "Revue des Vins de France".

 

As years go by, Armand Rousseau continues to enlarge his Domaine with the purchase of more Grands Crus, classified as such in 1935 when the "Institut des Appellations d'Origine Contrôlée" was created, that is, MAZY CHAMBERTIN in 1937, MAZOYERES CHAMBERTIN (now appearing under the appellation of CHARMES CHAMBERTIN) in 1940, CHAMBERTIN in 1956, 1970, 1983 and 1994.

The CLOS SAINT JACQUES is bought in 1954 in his son Charles's name who, after studying law and then oenology in Dijon University, joins his father in 1945.

In 1959, after Armand Rousseau's death in a car accident on his way back from hunting, Charles Rousseau is at the head of a Domaine of 6 ha which he will continue developing rapidly thanks to his great knowledge in oenology, and his experience, by acquiring new vineyards, especially in "Grands Crus" areas. Speaking fluent English and German, he decides to turn principally towards export, and, after the USA where his father had already started to sell his wines right after prohibition, at the end of the 30's, he develops the exchanges first with Great-Britain, Germany, Switzerland, soon afterwards to all European countries, then to Canada, Australia, New-Zealand, Brazil, etc. and lastly Asia in the 1970’s.

In 1982, Eric, his son joined the team after studies at the Lycée Agricole et Viticole of Mâcon Davayé and one year of specializing in oenology at Dijon University. He was also able to extend his knowledge by working for negociants and wineshops in Burgundy. Eric starts in the vineyards. He introduces new techniques such as the green harvest, leaf removal and mechanical work of the soil without use of insecticides or chemical additions. He orientates the Domaine towards a more organic viticulture and gets more involved with the vinification. He maintains the Domaine's traditional way of winemaking, with the minimum of manipulations.

The wines from Domaine Armand Rousseau have developped over the years but have always kept the same spirit as when Armand and Charles were making then. The “Rousseau hand” is a style of wine very recognizable. Our wines are typically Burgundian : Fine, elegant and an honest, true expression of the vineyards through the Pinot Noir grape and a little piece of the winemaker. 

From 1993 to 2005, Corinne, Charles’s elder daughter, after many years working abroad and in France, returns to the Domaine, and the same year achieves a diploma in oenology, and it is now her responsibility to take charge of the commercial relationships with the customer and the various tastings.

In 2006, she is replaced by Fréderic Robert for everything that concerns tastings and relations with customers.

At the same time, Brigitte Rousseau, Eric youngest sister, joins the team and takes charge of the private clients before deciding in 2012 to leave the Domaine and to pass it on to the next generation.

In 2012, Cyrielle Rousseau starts to work with her father. She passed a DEUG in Geology, a Licence in Viticulture and a diploma in oenology, then went overseas to gain experience in Oregon, Australia and New Zealand..

She is now full time at the winery, working with Eric to discover all the different sides of the work.

 

 

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Vineyards

Viticulture

At the present day, the Domaine vineyards have a surface area of 15 ha 33, of which 3 ha are of Village Appellation, 3 ha 77 of 1er Cru Appellation and 8 ha 51 of Grands Crus A.O.C., all situated in the communes of Gevrey-Chambertin and Morey-Saint-Denis. The vines are mostly very old with an average age of 40 to 45 years. The vines are 100% Pinot Noir with 11 000 vines planted per hectare. The selections used are clones chosen for their small production and their concentration.

"Guyot simple" pruning is being used in all vineyards. The exposure is towards the South-East on lime-clay soils.

The method of culture in the vineyards is traditional with low yield, from 30 to 40 hectoliters per hectare. No fertilizer has been used for many years. "Debudding" and green harvest are systematically done in productive years in order to optimize the maturity of grapes and the concentration of phenolic components.

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Winemaking

Viniculture

Vinification is done in a very traditional style with 90% destemming, about 18 to 20 days fermentation in open stainless steel vats with regular "pumping over" and "pigeage",and a strict control of temperatures with a maximum of 31-34°C.

Once alcoholic fermentation is over, the wines are delicately pressed in a pneumatic press, let to settle 24 hours, and then transferred in oak barrels down in the cellars where malolactic fermentation takes place naturally.

 

The wine is then aged in 100 % new oak barrels for the Chambertin and the Chambertin Clos de Bèze. The Clos Saint Jacques is put into new barrels between 70% and 100%. All the others great wines are aged in barrels of one wine. The "villages" in barrels of two wines.

The toasting of the barrels is medium. Ageing lasts 20 months during which 2 rackings are done.
Bottling takes place generally in april after a very light plaque filtration to preserve the delicate Pinot Noir fruit and retain finesse and elegance.

The bottling is done by gravity, directly from the barrels after "assemblage", and always at cellar temperature. 

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Inside information

When to drink our wines

 We classified our wines according to 3 different styles.

 1. Vintages giving fruity and balanced wines to drink young, such as : 1986, 1992, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2008.

 2. Medium to long ageing vintages, such as : 1985, 1987, 1989, 1998, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011.

 3. Beautiful to exceptional quality vintages with power and balance. Of very long ageing potential, such as : 1983, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2012 

Number of years for an optimal tasting 

Appellations 1 2 3
Gevrey-Chambertin Village 6/9 9/12 10/15
Gevrey-Chambertin 1er Cru 9/12 10/15 15/25
Charmes-Chambertin 10/20 15/25 20/30
Mazy-Chambertin 10/20 15/25 20/30
Clos de la Roche 10/20 15/25 20/30
Ruchottes-Chambertin 10/20 15/25 20/30
Clos Saint Jacques 1er Cru 15/25 20/30 25/35
Chambertin 15/25 20/30 25/35
Chambertin Clos de Bèze 15/25 20/30 25/35
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10 different wines with 154 vintages

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Wine Moments

Here you can see wine moments from tastingbook users.    or    to see wine moments from your world.

 Clive Coates / MW, Wine Writer (France)  tasted  7 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  46 wines 

2005 - A magnificent red wine vintage in Burgundy. This was a dry year, though never particularly hot, save for a heat-wave in May. A hail-storm on 17 July devastated the vines between the villages of Santenay and Chassagne-Montrachet. After a mixed August, and much-needed rain on 6 September, the skies cleared and it became increasingly sunny and warm. The Côte d'Or harvest began in the middle of the month and was all but complete by the week-end of 1st. October.


Now ten years old, the red wines, though many are still rather closed, are well deserving of all the bally-hoo they engendered at the outset. The vintage is consistently good (except naturally in Santenay and Chassagne-Montrachet) from Marsannay to Maranges, as well as proportionately so from grand cru to the humblest generic. Few past vintages come close. Perhaps the nearest is 1999, but that was a very much more generous harvest. The relative shortness of the 2005 crop can be seen in the concentration of the wines. They also have depth, finesse, harmony and the potential to last. But they are not monolithic. What more do you want? Don't start opening the best until 2020 or so.

10d 16h ago

 John Kapon / CEO / Ackerr Merrall & Condit, Pro (United States)  tasted  3 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  31 wines 

What can I say about the 1989 Haut Brion that I haven’t already said over and over again.  It, along with the 1989 Petrus, are the two greatest “young” wines I have ever had, and the youngest wines I would include in my ‘Top Ten’ lifetime category (I would let them share a spot lol).  This wine has been great every time I tasted it and has never shut down.  ‘Humdinger’ summed it up nicely (98+).

28d 8h ago

 Mark Beaven , Pro (United States)  tasted  1 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  26 wines 

Veuve Clicquot tasting from 1928 vintage at Vaucluse.

4m 1d ago

 Mark Beaven , Pro (United States)  tasted  2 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  17 wines 

Sunday dinner with Krug 1973, Lafite and Latour 1959, La Tache 1969 etc

5m 14d ago

 Andrea Rinaldi / Sommelier, Pro (Italy)  tasted  1 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  39 wines 

Last weekends best wines including Cheval 1959, Romanee Conti 1970 etc.

5m 18d ago

 Clive Coates / MW, Wine Writer (France)  tasted  4 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  44 wines 

Domaine de la Romanée-Conti, Romanée-Conti 2010 / 20.0 points.


Fine colour. Aromatic, minerally nose. Not as fat as La Tache or Richebourg. A bit more of the stems. Best on the follow through. Very, very lovely complex fruit. Marvelous long, lingering finish. Truly excellent.

5m 19d ago

 Mark Beaven , Pro (United States)  tasted  1 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  20 wines 

Roederer Cristal 70's Tasting - all the vintages.

6m 7d ago

 Marco Michieletti, Wine Dealer (United Kingdom)  tasted  1 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  11 wines 

Undesputably, Burdundy counts as the wine growing region where some of the best wines are coming from. Burgundy has a higher number of appellations d'origine contrôlée (AOCs) than any other French region, and is often seen as the most terroir-conscious of the French wine regions.

6m 11d ago

 Andreas Larsson / Best Sommelier in the World 2004, Pro (Sweden)  tasted  1 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  4 wines 

1975 Lafleur – well what can one say – another kind of perfection, yet being so bloody discreet. There´s no show off here, and I’m sure that the legendary sisters Robin never tried to make anything remarkable, they just tended their vineyards and made wine kind off… however this alluring terroir has something special, I love to imbibe its perfume, as it offers so much, so many nuances and fragrances. The taste starts out very discreet but it just expands and lingers on the palate. This is truly a wine that deserves to be called Grand Vin…

6m 19d ago

 Mark Beaven , Pro (United States)  tasted  8 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  38 wines 

Antonio Galloni's Fabulous BYOB Dinner with many wonderful Italian Winemaker guests

7m 20d ago

 Essi Avellan MW / Editor of the Champagne magazine, Pro (Finland)  tasted  1 wines  from  Domaine Armand Rousseau . In a tasting of  10 wines 

MY TOP 10 WINES OF THE 2016


1. Bollinger 1914 vintage champagne


2. Cristal Rosé 2002 Mg


3.....

8m 12d ago

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