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Fifty-five hectares (136 acres) at the time of the 1855 classification, fifty-five hectares today: the estate is a rare example of consistency of terroir over the centuries.
The vineyard is made up of one single block adjacent to the village of Saint-Estèphe. Unique in the Médoc, it is completely surrounded by a stone wall. Inside, closest to the château, this “enclos” groups together the most famous plots of Calon.
There are very few geological models that can be compared with the terroir of Calon Ségur. The vines delve down into a deep gravel layer that was deposited there by the river. This layer covers another which is predominantly clay. This combination of clay and gravel soils is one of the main reasons for the power and finesse displayed in the wines of Calon Ségur.
Cabernet Sauvignon is the backbone of Calon Ségur. This grape variety makes up over three-quarters of the blend, and in great years its proportion can be as high as 90%.
No great wines can ever be made without constant and meticulous care of the vines. The soils are ploughed in the time-honoured tradition. From spring to autumn, vine canopy management tasks are done by large numbers of vineyard personnel. The crop is picked by hand at perfect ripeness.
Third classified Growth in 1855.
|CONSULTANT ŒNOLOGIST||Éric Boissenot.|
|SOIL||A thick layer of gravel laid down during the Quaternary Period. Predominantly clay
sub-soil from the Tertiary Period. At the summit of the gravel deposits, there is also
a fine layer of clay of lacustrine origin.
|VINEYARD AREA||55 ha (136 acres).|
|AREA IN PRODUCTION||45 ha (50 ha planted).|
|GRAPE VARIETIES||53% Cabernet sauvignon, 38% Merlot, 7% Cabernet franc, 2% petit Verdot.|
|AVERAGE AGE OF THE VINES||22 years.|
|TRAINING METHOD||Double Guyot.|
|PLANTING DENSITY||8,000 vines/ha.|
|TARGET YIELD||45 hl/ha.|
|HARVEST||Hand picking. A first selection of grapes on the vine. Mechanical sorting of the grapes by vibration, followed by hand sorting.|
|VINIFICATION||Temperature-controlled conical stainless-steel tanks. Maceration for 18 to 21 days.|
|AGEING||18 to 20 months, 30% new barrels.
Fining with egg white.
|AVERAGE ANNUAL PRODUCTION||Around 80,000 bottles.
In Bordeaux the 1955 began with unstable weather conditions just before summer, but turned into an extremely favourable season by the end of the year. A beautiful, sunny and warm—if not hot—period prevailed throughout August and September, until the just the right amount of much-needed rain came along. The crop turned out to be of the highest quality. However, because the vintage was overshadowed by the 1953, it offering wines with a good price-quality ratio that can still be enjoyed today. Ripe grapes and autumn rain guaranteed an excellent year for Sauternes wines. The wines of this vintage vary widely in quality, and many are dominated by tannins. Only the finest wines, such as the Lafleur, Cheval Blanc and Mouton-Rothschild, offer balance and richness.